We all apperceive that there are things we don’t apperceive (the accepted unknowns), things we do apperceive (the accepted knowns), things we apperceive but don’t appetite to apperceive (known unknowns) and finally, things we don’t alike apperceive that we don’t apperceive (the alien unknowns).
In times of abysmal personal, societal, or existential crisis, the alone way out may be to analyze the accepted unknowns (things we accept ahead suppressed or afar from our awareness) and abnormally the alien unknowns—things we don’t alike apperceive that we don’t know.
Creativity lies in the acreage of the alien unknowns.
But how on apple do we ascertain things that we don’t alike apperceive that we don’t know? We accept actually no acquaintance or abstraction of the things that we cannot alike accept of knowing. But because these things, this advice may be the alone way out of a adverse bearings Mother Nature has accustomed us a way to ascertain the alien unknowns. What way is that? Dreams.
This is what the aboriginal and mid 20th aeon Surrealists realized, and then, like bemused kids who accept apparent active treasure, proclaimed the account in every way they could, in paintings, books, films, photos, tracts, fashions, manifestos, theater, events, pranks, games, and alike their adulation lives. Many of the founders of the Surrealist movement had fought in Apple War I and the massive absurd annihilation of that war fabricated them apprehend that apple ability (the West in particular) had entered an apocalyptically-scaled crisis and appropriately bare to use desperate measures to acquisition a way out. The aforementioned old account and means of accomplishing things could not be trusted and were accordingly obsolete. Article cast new was needed. It was at that cultural moment, at the aperture of the apple cultural crisis that was to be the 20th century, that the dream was re-discovered accompanying in the sciences and in the arts as a antecedent of accurate creativity. The Surrealists ran with it.
Who were the Surrealists? They were mostly writers and beheld artists, including Giorgio de Chirico, Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Francis Picabia, Jean Arp, Yves Tanguy, Salvador Dalí, Luis Buñuel, Alberto Giacometti, Valentine Hugo, Leonora Carrington, Méret Oppenheim, Paul Eluard, Louis Aragon, Philip Soupault, and Antonin Artaud, amid others.
In the centermost of the cyclone that was the Surrealist movement stood the biographer Andre Breton. He charge accept had an amazing allure as he elicited acute adherence and acute abhorrence from all who knew him. Best importantly, however, he seemed able to accumulate this amazing accumulation of aberrant aesthetic geniuses focused on dreams as a antecedent of creativity. His archetype of adorableness was that it had to be “convulsive” and point to article accumulation the absolute and the dream-like; i.e. the astonishing surreal. You could acquaint that an artisan succeeded in accessing the surreal back aloft encountering the work, you acquainted a window accessible assimilate what Breton alleged the “marvelous”. ” Surrealism,” he said, “ is based on the acceptance in the above absoluteness of assertive forms of ahead alone associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the aloof comedy of thought.” (Breton, A., Surrealist manifesto, p. 19, 1924)
The Surrealist did not alone acrylic their dreams. They looked for means to amalgamate dream argumentation with daytime realities. They generally abutting two disparate or alien images/concepts (e.g. “exquisite” “corpse”) to actualize article new and astonishing or nightmarish. The “exquisite corpse” afterwards became the name of a bold area groups of Surrealists complete sentences from dream images area anniversary contributor could not see the added words in the sentence. They would assemble “dream objects” from their dream images and again abode these altar into amusing apportionment by depositing them everywhere, such as workplaces, libraries, washrooms, subways, courtrooms, etc. They refashioned the tarot agenda accouter to accent dream images. They created illustrations and books that acclimated dream images to amend the Kama Sutra, inventing accomplished new animal positions for lovers. These new dream-inspired sex positions allegedly triggered all kinds of new athrill cerebral and airy illuminations. They created new forms of theaters area dream narratives created the comedy aural a play. They staged art exhibitions, appearance shows, rallies, happenings, seances, methods to abet analytic automatisms, beddy-bye fits, automated writings, banana accessible contest and all kinds of adolescent pranks and games.
But were the Surrealists acknowledged in apprehension the alien unknowns? Did we apprentice annihilation new about dreams? Did their focus on dreams crop annihilation at all to abetment the apple in advantageous the horrors of the 20th century? My own faculty is that back they were exploring the “known unknowns”, that is the being we appetite to balloon or repress, the Surrealists were aloof like anybody else….some works were abundant but best were juvenile, asinine and uninspiring. There is, afterwards all, a lot of actual blah and acid being active in the unconscious.
On the added hand, back the Surrealists listened to Breton and focused on chain dreams with absoluteness in the amalgam they alleged the surreal, the astonishing and the “marvelous,” they were able to occassionally admission the “unknown unknowns.” And this admission yielded some absolute gold. Area is this gold, you ask? Look at their pictures, texts, objects, and legacies. It is there cat-and-mouse to be mined.
The affair they accomplished us about dreams is absolutely the actuality that we charge to about-face to dreams back we ambition to aberrate into the alien country of the alien unknowns.
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